Shammai


Shammai
A rabbinical teacher [[➝ teaching]] in the time of Jesus. He gave a rigorous interpretation of the Law, contrasting with the more relaxed and liberal views of Hillel. Those of the Shammai school were often in conflict with the Roman authorities, and after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 CE were much diminished in influence and numbers. The dispute about divorce (Matt. 19:1–9) must be understood against the background of rabbinic controversy about Deut. 24:1. It puts the Christian position in the Shammai camp but with an exceptive clause (19:9) which greatly liberalizes its rigorism.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Shammai — (50 BCE ndash;30 CE, Hebrew: שמאי) was a Jewish scholar of the 1st century, and an important figure in Judaism s core work of rabbinic literature, the Mishnah.Shammai was the most eminent contemporary and the halakhic opponent of Hillel, and is… …   Wikipedia

  • SHAMMAI — (Ha Zaken, i.e., The Elder; c. 50 B.C.E.–c. 30 C.E.), one of the zugot , the leaders of the Sanhedrin. Hillel s first colleague was menahem the Essene and Shammai was appointed to succeed him as av bet din when he retired. Nothing is known of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shammai — Shammaï Shammaï (mort en 30 ap. J. C.) fut contemporain d Hillel, et comme lui, une figure majeure de la Mishna. Shammaï et Hillel forment le couple de Sages le plus célèbre de l histoire talmudique. Ils sont en constant désaccord sur la Halakha …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shammai — • Jewish scribe who together with Hillel made up the last of the pairs , or as they are sometimes erroneously named, presidents and vice presidents of the Sanhedrin Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Shammai     Shammai …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Shammaï — la tombe de Shammaï à Méron Shammaï (mort en 30 ap. J. C.) fut contemporain d Hillel, et comme lui, une figure majeure de la Mishna. Shammaï et Hillel forment le couple de Sages le plus célèbre de l histoire talmudique. Ils sont en constant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shammai — (50 BC–c. AD 30)    Jewish sage. Shammai ha Zaken (‘the Elder’) and his contemporary HILLEL were the leading Jewish scholars and teachers of the late Second Temple period, and were co heads of the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. Each was the founder and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Shammai — /shah muy/ fl. 1st century B.C., Hebrew rabbi: founder of Beth Shammai, school of hermeneutics. * * * …   Universalium

  • Shammai — (fl. 1st cent BCE)    Palestinian rabbi. He was a contemporary of Hillel, and together they were the last of the zugot. He adopted a rigorous standpoint in moral and religious matters. The School of Shammai later disputed legal issues with the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • SHAMMAI —    an eminent Jewish rabbi of the time of Herod, who held the position of supreme judge in the Sanhedrim under the presidency of HILLEL (q.v.), and whose narrow, rigid orthodoxy and repressive policy became the leading principles of his school,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Shammai — /shah muy/ fl. 1st century B.C., Hebrew rabbi: founder of Beth Shammai, school of hermeneutics …   Useful english dictionary


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